Central Asian Ovtcharka picture
Central Asian Ovtcharka

Central Asian Shepherd Dog, Alabai, CAO, Aziat


The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a dog of great size with massive bone structure and powerful muscles. The body is slightly longer than tall. The head is massive. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. The tail is high set and thick at the base, and when undocked, hangs down to the hock with a sickle shape. Two coat lengths are accepted, but all are double-coated and thick. Gender differences are well expressed in this breed. Males are more massive and powerful; females are smaller and lighter in build. Dogs should be presented in hard, muscular condition. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog should be evaluated as a working livestock guardian dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog's ability to work. Honorable scars resulting from field work are not to be penalized.

For centuries, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog worked alone or together with several other dogs, without much intervention from the herdsmen, relying on its own intelligence and instincts to do its job. While these dogs are very devoted to their family members, they expect to be treated with respect. They are inclined to be suspicious of strange people or dogs. Central Asians are steady, even-tempered dogs who adjust well to change in their environment. When threatened, they react quickly and with complete seriousness. Central Asians are slow to mature and require extensive socialization and patient training techniques. This breed is hardy and able to adapt to a wide range of climates.

Size Large to Giant
Height Male: 27-32 inches (65-78 cm)Female: 24-27 inches (60-69 cm)
Weight Male: 121-176 pounds (55-79 kg)Female: 88-143 pounds (40-65 kg)
Lifespan 12-14 years
Colors Brindle Black Deadgrass Grey Piebald Rust White
Origin Russia
Classification Purebred
Good Lapcat
Good In Apartments

The Central Asian Ovtcharka requires a large yard, the larger the better, with a fence. They have a job to do (guarding). Small living conditions can lead to boredom and thus digging and chewing will be a problem. Even with lots of exercise these dogs like to be outdoors watching over their territory. They must have a securely fenced yard or they will expand their territory as far as they can.

Good With Children

Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.

Good With Dogs

Good With Cats

Exercise Needs

The CAS would be great for the person who hikes or jogs. On days they are not taken for a hike or a jog, they need a daily, long walk. They may appear to be lazy when they are lying down watching their property, but they can be up and running in a split second.


Difficult Training: A firm and consistent pack leader is a must for the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. They are very independent and intelligent, and it will need to be made clear regularly who the boss is. This breed will need very little training when it comes to guarding as well as basic manners.



Grooming Requirements

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a very low maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. They will require very little in the brushing and bathing department on a regular basis.


Moderate Shedding: Their heavy coat will shed a great deal in the spring and will require extra brushing during this time.



Central Asian Ovtcharka Pictures